Basic English Grammar #4 – Adjectives

He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature.

-Socrates

I like quotes.

Moving on, Adjectives. If you still do not know what they do.

 

Adjectives

Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. There are five types of adjectives – possessive adjectives, demonstrative adjectives, adjectives of number/quantity, descriptive adjectives and interrogative adjectives.

Possessive adjectives

These adjectives show ownership of certain nouns in a sentence/clause. They come before the noun. For example:

  • His watch is on fire.
  • Sally trashed my doll.

Demonstrative adjectives

These adjectives show the place of the noun. They also come before the noun. For instance:

  • These newspapers are old.
  • Dolly made that boy cry.

Adjectives of number/quantity

These adjectives show the amount/quantity of an object (the noun). E.g:

  • Twenty-three students were present on that day.
  • There are still some cookies left.

Descriptive adjectives

The common ones, like:

  • He was amazing.
  • I am blue.

Interrogative adjectives

These adjectives ask questions. They come before the noun. For instance:

  • What colour is that dog?
  • Which guy did it?

Degrees of Adjectives

There are three degrees of adjectival usage, which are the positive, comparative and superlative degrees.

Positive degree

Positive degrees are used when you are describing only one element/noun in the sentence/clause. For example:

  • He is good.
  • I am bad.

Comparative degree

Comparatives are used when you are comparing an element/noun with another.

  • John is better than Leroy.
  • I am more interesting than Leana.

Superlative degree

Superlatives are used to describe an element/noun of the highest quality/degree. E.g:

  • He is the tallest among others
  • That soldier was the most brutal during war

 

Since adjectives have already taken so much space, we’ll press on adverbs on #4. Stay tuned!

-ezfk

 

 

 

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