Begin at the beginning… and go on till you come to the end: then stop.
Another useless quote!
Today, we’ll discover about Conjunctions, Prepositions and Interjections.
Conjunctions are words used to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause. That said, they’re the kata hubungs of English. Conjunctions include the words than, though, if, as long as, because, nor, blahblahblah. In usage:
- Ali had to return home immediately as soon as Noora called him.
- Bob made dinner although it was morning.
In the first sentence, the word ‘as soon as’ is the conjunction, connecting the two clauses, ‘Ali had to return home immediately’ and ‘Noora called him’.
In the second sentence, the word ‘although’ is the conjunction, connecting the two clauses, ‘Bob made dinner’ and ‘It was morning’.
From these examples, you will have a definite understanding of what conjunctions do – they link two ayats to form another ayat, if you do get me.
Prepositions are words that show a relationship between a noun/pronoun with some other word in the sentence. Tak faham lagi? Take a look at the exemplary sentences below:
- Mark fell into the hole
- Lucy leapt across the puddle of water
In the first sentence, the word ‘into’ is the preposition, showing the relationship between the words ‘Mark fell’ and ‘The hole’, which shows that he was a careless lil’ fella.
In the second sentence, the word ‘across’ is the preposition, showing the relationship between the words ‘Lucy leapt’ and ‘The puddle of water’ – It describes how and where she leapt the water. See, ‘leapt the water’ doesn’t even sound right! That’s why prepositions are useful.
Pronouns are the kata ganti nama of English. They are words that take the place of a noun. That is because sometimes nouns can be a pain in the posterior end. Read the below excerpt:
- John has a dog. John’s dog is named Kitty. John and Kitty love each other. John loves John’s dog. Kitty loves Kitty’s master.
Wasn’t that sentence hard to read? Now take a look at the ameliorated one:
- John has a dog. His dog is named Kitty. They love each other. John loves his dog. Kitty loves its master.
Much better. Pronouns prevent repetitions of any aforementioned word/element in the sentence/passage which causes redundancy. Pronouns (see?) include his, her, their, they, she, he, it, its and the like.
Interjections refer to abrupt remarks, with the exclamation sign ‘!’ after it. Kata seru, if you may. For example, ‘Ah!’, ‘Wow!’, ‘Alas!’, ‘Gee!’ and whatnot. They convey excitement, surprise, anger or happiness. Generally, they aren’t used in formal writing, but more in speech and creative writing.
That’s it for #3! Next, we’ll stress on Adjectives and Adverbs, if you still do not know what those are.